3 Different Types of Range Tests

3 Different Types of Range Tests

Whether you’re just curious, critical, or just want to experiment … you’ll sooner or later come to the point where you want to experience the limitations and possibilities of LoRaWAN in practice.

So you can’t get past a range test … but range test is not equal to range test.

In the end, it depends on which goals you want to achieve with the test and your results.

According to our understanding, we mainly distinguish between 3 types of range tests.

User Range Test

The user range test is the most basic range test and aims at testing and evaluating the radio quality at specific spots and get a quick idea of the coverage.

How to set up a user range test:

  • Gateways:
    • Option A:  One or several gateways have been installed (or just positioned) within the test area
    • Option B: An existing network (e.g. public like TTN) is being used
  • Device:
    • Option A: ready to use test device (e.g. Adeunis Field Tester, IMST Mote II etc.) is registered in the network
    • Option B: A DIY test sensor is being registered in the network (see DIY instructions here)
    • Recommendation: Set the messages to confirmed data up (CDU) to ask the server for a acknowledgment, so bi-directional communication is tested
  • Testing:
    • One or several user(s) will run around with LoRa-Devices
    • Each LoRa device is configured to send data on a regular basis (short itervals).
    • User(s) will use devices with GPS but also devices without
  • Analysis:
    • The main aim is to get an idea of the radio quality in the field itself. The results, if at all, are only roughly recorded or further used for a specific testing.

Connectivity Map

With the connectivity map you are aiming to put the tested data into a coverage heatmap of your covered area. This is mainly done in free space with a GPS based LoRaWAN device

  • Gateways:
    • Option A:  One or several gateways have been installed (or just positioned) within the test area
    • Option B: An existing network (e.g. public like TTN) is being used
  • Device:
    • Option A: ready to use test device (e.g. Adeunis Field Tester, IMST Mote II etc.) is registered in the network
    • Option B: A DIY test sensor is being registered in the network (see DIY instructions here)
    • Recommendation: We recommend a GPS based device, otherwise the locations have to be documented manually.
  • Testing:
    • Each LoRa device is configured to send data on a regular basis (short intervals).
    • OptionA: One or several user(s) will run around with LoRa-Device
    • OptionB: One or several devices are installed on a vehicle (bike, car, tram) that will drive on a certain route
  • Analyse:
    • The tests results needs to be stored and exported to be uploaded into a map app (e.g. google maps, google earth, carto, worldmap-panel etc.)

Device Connectivity Test

If you are planning to install a device on a specific spot, you are mostly interested in the coverage or radio quality of this specific area in all circumstances and with all kinds of influences (e.g. weather, moving objects like cars, any other RF influences, seasonal impacts like vegetation etc.).

  • Gateways:
    • Option A:  One or several gateways have been installed (or just positioned) within the test area
    • Option B: An existing network (e.g. public like TTN) is being used
  • Device:
    • Option A: ready to use test device (e.g. Adeunis Field Tester, IMST Mote II etc.) is registered in the network
    • Option B: A DIY test sensor is being registered in the network (see DIY instructions here)
    • Recommendation: We recommend a device with a powerful battery (e.g. see DIY feather LoRaWAN field tester) to last several days with a short sending interval
  • Testing:
    • Each LoRa device is configured to send data on a regular basis (short intervals).
    • Device is placed on (or close to) specific installation spot and can send for a longer period of time
  • Analyse:
    • The tests results needs to be stored and exported to be analysed (e.g. packet loss, min-max-avg RSSI, RF quality influences etc.)

Leave a Reply

Close Menu